CBD, naturally present in hemp plants, can be more or less concentrated depending on the variety of hemp studied. Hemp varieties naturally contain higher concentrations of THC than CBD. However, selective techniques have allowed the appearance of Cannabis varieties with high levels of cannabidiol and almost no THC, as in Industrial Hemp, a variant of Cannabis Sativa L.
Differences between CBD and THC
CBD should not be confused with THC. While these two substances have a very similar molecular structure, they do not have the same properties at all. This is because they do not act on the same receptors at all.
THC is the cannabinoid most present in the cannabis plant. This molecule has psychotropic effects and is generally sought after for recreational use. By binding to receptors in the brain, THC stimulates the production of dopamine, which produces a psychoactive effect that alters consciousness, euphoric and / or relaxes depending on the cannabis strain and concentration. THC also has side effects like anxiety, paranoia, or any other psychotic reaction.
CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. CBD binds to receptors present in the nervous system and therefore has no effect on the brain nor does it have psychoactive properties.
While THC has a psychoactive effect, CBD has the opposite effect, blocking or counteracting the “euphoric” effect of cannabis.
Due to its psychoactive properties, THC is illegal in many countries, where it is officially recognized as a narcotic substance. Potentially dangerous and addictive, this molecule is classified in Table IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of the WHO.
By contrast, CBD can be legally sold and consumed in most countries. In Spain, CBD products are legal as long as they are extracted from plants come from certified legal seeds that contain less than 0.2% THC.
The effects of CBD
Cannabinoids act on the endocannabinoid system, a receptor system located in the brain and nervous system.
Many studies have looked at CBD and its effects. CBD is used today experimentally in the treatment of certain conditions (Parkinson’s, sleep disorders, chronic pain, etc.). Studies carried out on CBD have highlighted its properties as anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antitumor and anticancer, antipsychotic, neuroprotective, antidepressant, appetite stimulator, anti-ischemic, antianxiolytic, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, antispasmodic, muscle relaxant, antiemetic, observing its efficacy to treat Pain, Asthma, Nausea, Burns and Diabetes.
Despite all these properties of CBD, keep in mind that CBD is not a medicine, so if you suffer from any disease, consult a doctor who evaluates the convenience or not of taking CBD together with medicines.